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Install Fail2Ban on UBUNTU 22.04

Enhancing Ubuntu 22.04 Security with Fail2ban: Automated Protection Against Cyber Threats

Fail2ban is an essential open-source security tool designed to enhance the protection of Ubuntu systems by actively monitoring log files for suspicious activities and taking automated actions to thwart potential threats. It operates through customizable filters, which allow administrators to define patterns indicative of malicious behavior, such as repeated failed login attempts or unusual access patterns. Upon detection, Fail2ban can dynamically update firewall rules to block the offending IP address, send notifications to system administrators, or execute other predefined actions. With its ability to adapt to evolving threats and its seamless integration with Ubuntu environments, Fail2ban serves as a vital component in maintaining the integrity and security of Ubuntu systems against various cyber threats.

Steps to Install Fail2Ban on UBUNTU 22.04

To secure your server, take these steps to set up and configure Fail2Ban:

  1. Using ssh, connect to your UBUNTU 22.04 server.
  2. Update your system:

Fail2Ban is included by default in the official Ubuntu package repository. The command to install Fail2Ban is:

The following command to clear your repository cache:

Run the following command to enable the Fail2Ban protection service at startup time, using the systemctl command:

Fail2Ban should now be installed.

Configure Fail2Ban settings!

Open the Fail2Ban configuration file, with your favorite text editor.

Update/append as follows:

Save and close the file. After that, start or restart the service.

Fail2Ban filters

In /etc/fail2ban/filter.d/, you’ll discover a number of filters/jails for Fail2Ban. You can take a look using a command like:

You will see an overview. Choose a name for the authentication filter, such as sshd.conf

Open the jail file with your favorite text editor:

You may now use the following syntax to add the jail filter:

What are the steps to start, stop, and restart the Fail2Ban service?

You can use the following systemctl commands to interact with the Fail2Ban service:

Finding status of failed and banned IP address

The current state of the log file containing the password failure report.